China wants to build its own outpost in Orbit in 2021. The first module will be the core module Tianhe. Info Shymkent had a look on this project.
- Name: TianHe (天和) is Chinese for Heavens Harmony
- Length: 18.1 m
- Diameter: 4.1 m (living compartment)
- Weight: 22.5 t (empty) / 24 t (with goods & equipment)
- Docking ports: Five and one EVA hatch
- Energy supply: Two 11 meter long and 4.6 meter width solar arrays
- Expected life time: 10 years
- Launch vehicle: Long March 5B
- Flight profile: Inclination 41° / 350 km circular orbit
From Draft till Launch
21st September 1992: China revealed it’s manned space program – called Project 921 (Date: 9/21/1992) – to build in the third phase a long-term modular space station.
25th September 2010: Release of financial resources to built Project 921-3 – the manned modular space station.
March 2011: China revealed the time schedule for building a modular space station and to launch the first core module in 2018. Two science modules will dock with the core module till 2022.
October 31, 2013: The core module of China’s first modular space station got the name Tianhe (Chinese: Milky Way).
April 2017: Final preparation, assembly and testing started for Tianhe.
2nd July 2017: The Long March 5 (LM5) rocket had a failure during its second launch. This rocket type is planned to bring Tianhe into orbit. The next flight of LM5 was in 27th December 2019. Because of the issue on the Long March 5 rocket the launch of the Tianhe module was delayed for two and a half years.
June 2018: First underwater training for future taikonauts started.
6th November 2018: A full-scale model of Tianhe was revealed at China International Aviation & Aerospace Exhibition in Zhuhai, China.
6th January 2021: The production of Long March 5B rocket for Tianhe was completed.
4th February 2021: The space station core module was delivered to the Wenchang Satellite Launch Center at Hainan Island, China.
23th February 2021: The Long March 5B rocket for the Chinese Space Station core module arrived at the spaceport Wenchang.
10th March 2021: The first crews which will visit the Chinese Space Station were revealed. But take care with this information. The official final selection will be revealed just days before launch.
- Shenzhou 12 (planned for 2021): Nie Haisheng (3rd flight), Deng Qingming (1st flight) and Ye Guangfu (1st flight)
- Shenzhou 13 (planned for 2021): Liu Boming (2nd flight), Chen Dong (2nd) and Zhang Lu (1st flight)
- Shenzhou 14 (planned for 2022): Liu Wang (2nd flight), Liu Yang (2nd flight) and Tang Hongbo (1st flight)
- Shenzhou 15 (planned for 2022): Zhang Xiaoguang (2nd flight), Wang Yaping (2nd flight) and Cai Xuzhe (1st flight)
23rd April 2021: The Long March 5 rocket with the Tianhe module onboard was rolled to the launch pad at Wenchang Satellite Launch Center on Hainan Island, China.
Launch and Operation
29th April 2021: Launch of the Tianhe core module was on 29th April 2021 at 03:23 UTC.
|2||Rotating into correct inclination of 41°||17.00s|
|5||Main Engine Cutoff (MECO)||481.33s|
|6||Compartment/TianHe module separation from the rocket||486.83s|
29th May 2021: After CSNA checked all systems of Tianhe they launched the first cargo supply mission Tianzhou-2 with China’s unmanned cargo spacecraft Tianzhou to the station at the top of a Long March 7 from Wenchang Space Launch Center at 12:55 UTC. Docking between Tianzhou-2 and Tianhe occurred eight hours later at 21:01 UTC.
16th June 2021: The final crew for Shenzhou 12 was revealed. The commander is Nie Haisheng (3rd flight). Liu Boming (2nd flight) and Yang Hongbo (1st flight) are mission engineers.
17th June 2021: The first manned mission Shenzhou 12 to China’s Space Station was launched on 17th June 2021 at 01:22 UTC. It is China’s first manned mission after a gap of five years. The approach to the Tianhe module was with 6.5 hours very fast. Docking occurred 7:54 UTC and the Crew entered the Tianhe module at 10:48 UTC.