Incredible animals – Kazakhstan’s wildlife

Kazakhstan is 9th largest country in the world and offers incredible wildlife. We selected the most unique species of Kazakhstan’s animals.


Info Shymkent - Group of Kulans in Altyn Emel Nationalpark in Kazakhstan (Photo by Farhat Kabdykairov)
A group of Kulans in Altyn Emel Nationalpark in Kazakhstan (Image: Farhat Kabdykairov)

The Kulan is a subspecies of the Onager. They lived in the steppes of Kazakhstan, was extinct in the country in the 1930ies and was reintroduces in the Barsa-Kelmes Nature Reserve and Altyn Emel National Parkin in the last decades. Today living around 4,000 kulans in Kazakhstan. The Kulan is around 200 till 250 cm long. The height to the shoulders is around 120 cm. The weights of male Kulan’s differ between 200 till 240 kg. The males are very often larger than the mares. There diet includes herbs, shrubbery and plants. After a gestation period of about a year, the mare gives birth to a single foal, which stays with her mother for the first two years of life.


Info Shymkent - Wild cat Manul - also well known as Pallas's cat - is living in Kazakhstan
The wild cat Manul – also well know as Pallas’s cat is living in Kazakhstan.

Snow Leopard

Info Shymkent - Snow Leopard in the Tian Shan Mountains near Shymkent in Kazakhstan (Image: Farhat Kabdykairov)
The ghost of the mountains – a Snow Leopard in the Tian Shan mountains of Kazakhstan (Image: Farhat Kabdykairov)

The Snow Leopard is the ghost of the mountains Kazakhstan. These big cats have a length of around 80 till 130 cm and a tail of around 90 cm and a shoulder height of around 60 cm. They use there tail to cover nose and head during sleeping in cold nights and to jump, balance out, run and walk through tricky rocky and often snowy terrain in the mountains 2,500 till 4,500 meters altitude. The weight of the males are around 50 kg and the female leopards have a weight of around 40 kg. Snow Leopards are on the Red List and only less than 10,000 leopards are alive world-wide and around 150 leopards in Kazakhstan. So you are a lucky guy if you meet this wild cats in the nature.

Greater Flamingo

Info Shymkent - Greater Flamingos in a lake near Kazakhstan's capital Nur-Sultan (Photo by Farhat Kabdykairov)
Greater Flamingos in a lake near Kazakhstan’s capital Nur-Sultan (Image: Farhat Kabdykairov)

Sibirian Ibex

Info Shymkent - Sibirian Ibex in Kazakhstan's Sairam-Ugam National Park photographed by Dana Madaliyeva (Close up)
Sibirian Ibex in Sairam-Ugam National Park in Kazakhstan (Image: Dana Madaliyeva)

The Sibirian Ibex with his long horns is also a impressive animal and you can find it in the wild nature in Kazakhstan. The Ibex males have a shoulder height of around 90 cm and a weight up to 130 kg. The female animals are smaller with a height of around 75 cm and weights up to 56 kg. The horn of the males is growing up to 115 cm – but in some cases the Sibirian Ibex horn is getting impressive 150 cm long! The Sibirian Ibex likes to eat herbes and alpine grass and lives in summer mostly above the tree line. Only in some days they going down to salt licks to get important minerals. During the winter time they crossing the tree line to an lower altitude but preferring still meadows instead of forests. Siberian Ibexes are good climber and love to discover the rocky terrain in the Tian Shan and Altai mountains.

Menzbier’s marmots

Info Shymkent - Marmots in the Sairam-Ugam national park (Photo: Dana Madaliyeva)
Menzbier’s marmots in Sairam-Ugam National Park near Shymkent. (Image: Dana Madaliyeva)

The Marmots are cute brown small animals and very often you can hear them already from far away when they whistle very loud in the mountain valleys of the Sairam-Ugam National Park. The marmots of the Western Tian Shan Mountains are Menzbier’s marmots and the population of this marmots is around 23,000 in Kazakhstan. The Menzbier’s marmots are the smallest species of marmots and has just a length of up to 50 cm and a weight of up to 5 kg. You have a good chance to watch in the green meadows of altitudes of 2,000–3,600 m above sea level this small animals during May till September because they sleeping during winter time in the underground. The marmots eating plants and like especially young, juicy shoots which growing on the meadows close to snow fields in the Tian Shan Mountains.

Saiga antelope

Caspian seal



Karatau and Kazakhstan Argali

Turkmen gazelle

Goitered gazelle

Himalayan brown bear

The Himalayan brown bear is a subspecies of the brown bear. He lives in the foothills of the Tian Shan mountains and Altai in Kazakhstan. Some guides reported bear droppings in Sayram-Ugam National Park in the last few years. But the number of animals living in the wild is still unknown. It is believed that the bear is the catalyst for the Yeti mythology in the Himalayan region because they walking or standing sometimes on two legs. People could believe – from a distance – that the bear looks like a huge hairy and wild human.

Its fur has reddish-brown color or sand color. The sizes between male and female Himalayan bears is very different. The male becomes 1.5 to 2.2 meters long, while the female just reaches sizes between 1.4 and 1.8 meters. The bears going into hibernation between October and April till May and sleeping in self-made caves.

The Himalayan brown bear is a omnivore and likes to eat grasses, roots and other plants, as well as insects and mammals like birds, sheep or goats.

Corsac fox

Bactrian deer

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