Kazakhstan is celebrating International Children’s Day on the 1st of June. Info Shymkent has a look on the history of this day.
Today is International Children’s Day in Kazakhstan. In 1925, this day was first announced in Geneva (Switzerland) during the World Conference on Child Protection – Children’s Welfare. Since 1950, it has been celebrated on the 1st of June in most communist and post-communist countries, including Kazakhstan.
This day was established to protect the life, rights and health of children, to protect their lives from war, as well as to educate future generations on a democratic basis.
The Declaration of the Rights of the Child, also known as Geneva Declaration, was accepted on September 26, 1924 by the Fifth Assembly of the League of Nations in Geneva.
The Declaration was drafted by Eglantyne Jebb – a British social reformer who founded Save the Children, which was organized on 15 April 1919 in London, the United Kingdom – currently called The Save the Children Fund, and The International Save the Children Union, which was officially founded in January 1920 in Geneva, Switzerland.
The declaration is consisted of five basic principles against child labor and slavery, the sale of children and the prostitution of minors. The Assembly called on its members to be guided by the provisions of the declaration in order to protect children and improve their well-being.
One of the first principles of the declaration made by Eglantyne Jebb which was published on the 23rd of February in 1923 and was approved by the League of Nations on the 26th of November in 1924 we will quote here:
- The child must be given the means requisite for its normal development, both materially and spiritually.
- The child that is hungry must be fed, the child that is sick must be nursed, the child that is backward must be helped, the delinquent child must be reclaimed, and the orphan and the waif must be sheltered and succored.
- The child must be the first to receive relief in times of distress.
- The child must not be put in a position to earn a livelihood and must be protected against every form of exploitation.
- The child must be brought up in the consciousness that its talents must be devoted to the service of its fellow men.
Kazakhstan is trying its best to support children. Everywhere you can find nice playgrounds and in every city amusement parks. Very much places are children friendly. On International Children’s Day the country is celebrating the day with very much festivals on the main squares and additional attractions for children. Parents giving their children little presents like sweets or small toys.
Have a Happy International Children’s Day!
You can read more about the International Children’s Day here: